|Your Republic of South Africa (also known as South Africa, SA or RSA) is usually a state in southern The african continent. Located at the the southern area of tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with 2, 798 kilometres (1, 739 mi) of coastline for the Atlantic and Indian seas. To the north of the country lie the neighbouring territories of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east tend to be Mozambique and Swaziland; while Lesotho is the enclave surrounded by To the south African territory.
South Africa is multi-ethnic and it has diverse cultures and dialects. Eleven official languages are recognised within the constitution. Two of these different languages are of European origin: Afrikaans, a language which begun mainly from Dutch that is spoken by virtually all white and Coloured Southern Africans, and South African The english language. Though English is widely used in public and industrial life, it is only this fifth most-spoken home language. All ethnic and vocabulary groups have political representation inside country's constitutional democracy composed a parliamentary republic; unlike most parliamentary republics, the positions of go of state and head of government are merged in the parliament-dependent President.
About 79. 5% of the To the south African population is of black African ancestry, divided among a selection of ethnic groups speaking distinct Bantu languages, nine of which get official status. South Africa also offers the largest communities of American, Asian, and racially mixed ancestral roots in Africa. About a quarter on the population is unemployed and lives on less than US $1. 25 a day.